This CAP initiative is designed to help change the framework for understanding issues surrounding the rights of unparented children worldwide, including international adoption (IA) issues, encouraging a focus on children’s most fundamental human right to grow up with nurturing parents. We have formed an International Human Rights Network to support this initiative. This Network is a broad coalition of organizations in the U.S. that have been involved in working for unparented child rights including in the context of IA. We also formed a smaller Human Rights Leadership Team to spearhead this effort. We have been supported in this effort by the Paul Weiss law firm which has provided extensive pro bono assistance developing legal theories as to the most promising human rights fora, the International Senior Lawyers Project, and the Cyrus R. Vance Center for International Justice.